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What Are The Different Specializations In Psychology?


Psychology is a lot like medicine in that it is subdivided into different specialties. You may have heard about a child psychology and family psychology, but have you heard about forensic psychology? And there are other fields of specialization you may not have heard about just yet.

Other fields of psychology are clinical neuropsychology, clinical health psychology, psychoanalysis, school psychology, clinical psychology, counseling psychology, industrial-organizational psychology, onboard behavioral and cognitive psychology, forensic psychology, professional geropsychology, police and public safety psychology, sleep psychology, and rehabilitation psychology.

The idea behind the different specializations is that where there are two people in a room, conflicts and politics are inevitable, and sometimes it's necessary to have a profession board to help address behaviors.

As you can notice from above, there is a psychologist that specializes in groups in a corporate setting (industrial psychology), and there's also a psychologist that specializes in police and public safety. More often than not, they are tapped by groups to address specific areas of concern, solving problems along the way.

Specialization in any field of psychology is prefaced by a four-year basic psychology course and then followed by training in the chosen field of specialization.

Aside from choosing their field of specialization, a psychology major can elect to be qualified to practice in the following proficiencies in psychology: psychopharmacology, treatment of alcohol and drugs, sports psychology, assessment and treatment of serious mental diseases, and personality assessment.

Do you want to become a psychologist? The first step in the right direction is to determine the area you want to specialize in, although you can opt to be a generalist. Just like doctors, psychologists find fulfillment in specialize in a specific area where they can be of help to other people.

How is a psychologist different from a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist?

A psychotherapist refers to a professional who is to train to help people with emotional problems. A psychotherapist can be a psychiatrist or a psychologist. A psychiatrist has a medical degree and can prescribe medication. A psychologist, on the other hand, has a Ph.D. in psychology and can perform psychological testing and do research.

People who go into therapy often do so not know if they should go to a psychiatrist or a psychologist. In general, though, you know you need to see a psychiatrist if you are having severe depression or any issue that is disrupting your daily life.

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